In our extensive experience, divorced or separated parents become anxious for many reasons when one of them wants to take their children abroad.
There are only two circumstances in which your spouse can take them out of the country for up to 28 days without your permission – if they have a Child Arrangements order (formally called a Residence Order) that a child “lives with” them, or if they secure a Court Order giving consent – a Specific Issue Order.
The latter is applied for if your spouse does not have a Child Arrangements Order and thinks you are unreasonable in refusing permission. In these circumstances, the Court is asked to resolve a matter by considering the facts of each case, and determining whether the child should be allowed to travel.
For an application to be successful the applicant should provide details of the proposed holiday – where they will be staying, with whom, for how long etc. The parent remaining at home may also need assurances that their spouse will return the child’s passport after the holiday and call them regularly while they are away.
Examples of when the court may not approve a holiday would be if they are travelling to a dangerous part of the world, or if the child may be at risk due to medical reasons. Generally, the Courts take the view that a holiday is in the child’s best interests unless there is good reason otherwise.
The Court will make its decision based on what is in the child’s best interests. In the majority of cases an order will be granted if the child is keen to go on the break and will benefit from it – and providing your ex promises to bring them back when the holiday is over.
Courts are more wary if your spouse plans to take your child to countries that are not a signatory of the Hague Convention on International child abduction. They include Afghanistan, Egypt, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Zimbabwe, India and Iran.
If you have major concerns, you can also apply to the Court for a Prohibited Steps Order which prevents either of you taking the children outside the country without the permission of the other parent.
Parents who object to their children going abroad are often pressurised by their ex to give their approval. If you find yourself in this positon then you should seek legal advice on the legality of the travel. A practical tip would be to keep hold of your child’s passport until you have the details of the holiday and are satisfied that it is safe to travel.
In most cases the planned trip abroad genuinely is just that. However if you are worried that the holiday may be part of a plan for abducting your child, by which we mean permanently removing your child from the jurisdiction, we recommend you look out for the following signs:
- Selling a house
- An interest in obtaining a copy of your child’s birth certificate
- Making moves to obtain your child’s passport
- Leaving a job
If you think that there is a chance your child may be abducted abroad, then you should also consider the following preventative steps:
- Ensure contact is supervised. In extreme cases, you may seek to stop contact altogether
- Keep passports safe and consider depositing them with a solicitor
- Ask the Passport Agency to block your ex from applying for a new passport
- Notify your child’s school about who is allowed to collect them
The severe psychological impact on children who have been abducted can be devastating and long lasting. If in doubt, seek legal advice immediately.
About Kate Banerjee
Kate is highly experienced in cases relating to children including contact and residence disputes. She specialises in child protection law and is a Member of the Child Care Panel representing parents, guardians, Local Authorities and children.
Kate has considerable expertise in international child abduction cases and is a Member of the International Child Abduction and Custody Unit. She also has “Higher Court Rights”.